Hemlock Fir is comprised of two species: Hemlock and Pacific Silver Fir. Due to their similarities in appearance and composition, they are commonly logged, processed, and marketed under the collective reference Fir. Hemlock Fir is renowned for its fine texture, straight and even grain, and clear rings. In particular, the difference between its heartwood and sapwood is virtually indistinguishable. With color typically ranging from milky white to pale yellow, Hemlock Fir has exceptional utility in terms of mechanical processing. In addition to its great ability to hold nails and screws, its notable hardness and straight grain also give rise to a compact, gleaming surface after polishing. Hemlock Fir is also ideal for holding paint and coloring, as well as applications of preservatives and flame retardants due to the versatility in its chemical composition. The superior strength, appearance, and re-processing features of Hemlock Fir allow it to be used for a vast variety of industrial and architectural components, especially in light and heavy building structures and various joinery products.